Overview of the Film Industry
A film conveys a story told by means of a creative procedure whereupon the footage is produced by using a series of still images, which appear to ‘move’ when shown upon a screen. The still images are shown by capturing photographic drawings or animation in sequence – by either the traditional method or computer animation.
It is common to combine these effects to produce the finished result. The traditional method of capturing animation is created by taking an initial pose of a character and then painstakingly moving it or adjusting its pose slightly before taking the next shot. When run in a sequence, the inanimate object appears to move and operate independently – Wallace and Gromit created by Nick Park or Peter Lord’s Morph are both good examples of this procedure.
A motion picture camera is used to capture actual ‘live’ scenes and then the footage is edited accordingly to create the film, movie or motion picture (which it is also known as.) The beauty of today’s technology means that not only can any film be shown in any country; it can also be recorded into every language. A film can depict a whole host of genres and can be produced merely for entertainment purposes (from slapstick comedy to hard-hitting action movies through to horrific snuff movies) or to convey a powerful message such as documentaries.
Film is so called because of the photographic film which was primarily used to produce the images upon. It used to be fed through a cine camera or movie projector, but modern methods today include digital filming and the film can then be recorded onto a hard disk or flash card.
A soundtrack and music also be created to accompany the film, and this is usually produced separately by a media company and then injected into the film afterwards. Likewise, in a spoken film, to give a more pronounced clarity, the speech and any narration will be recorded separately and then dubbed into the film.
The golden age of film on the ‘big screen’ threw its birthplace Hollywood into the limelight and forever immortalised it. Actors and actresses such as John Wayne, Marilyn Monroe, Audrey Hepburn, Judy Garland, Elizabeth Taylor and James Dean gained iconic status and their films are considered ‘classics’ and are still watched by countless people today.
The first movies that were projected onto the big screen were silent, and any speech or narration would appear as a text on the screen. Without a doubt, the American film industry (with production companies such as Universal, Paramount, Columbia, 20th Century Fox, Warner Bros and Walt Disney) has dominated the film market since the 1920’s and have taken more money from the box office than any other country.
Film watching is an enjoyable recreational hobby for millions and children from a young age up to ageing great-grandparents find it both relaxing and entertaining to watch. Disney films are enjoyed by all ages and are considered timeless classics that can be watched on countless occasions without ever tiring of them. Family time often incorporates a ‘film night’ and whether it be a visit to the local cinema or at home in front of the television with a DVD, it is the perfect excuse to buy the popcorn and fizzy drink and sit back and enjoy the movie.
In the Fifties, particularly in the United States, the drive-In movie was a popular form of entertainment for people, young adults and teenagers especially. It was considered the perfect place to gather socially and enjoy the free time amongst friends and watch the latest movie. Rows and rows of ‘T-Birds,’ ‘Chevrolet’s’ and other classic American cars would be parked up in front of a huge screen, and its passengers would enjoy watching the film from the comfort of their cars.