Overview of the Educational Sector
The education sector comprises businesses and organisations that aim to improve skills and knowledge essential to us all throughout our life.
Education is not only something you learn at school, college or university; it is also something you learn from your parents, friends and people you mix with every day. We as a person are capable of taking and retaining so much information, admittedly more so as a child, but nevertheless, our brains are thirsty for knowledge and we are learning all the time, although we may not always be aware of the fact.
In many countries, the UK in particular, there is a compulsory schooling system whereupon a child will start their education at approximately 2 years and nine months at pre-school, after this, the they will usually start Infant school between the ages of four and five, then progress onto Junior school and Secondary school. It is their individual choice if they wish to carry on in further education at College and University.
Many adults have the opportunity to ‘return to school’ and extend their learning. The Government and education board recognise that some early forms of schooling were not satisfactory, and some teaching staff failed to recognise types of learning difficulties such as dyslexia and instead labelled the child as dumb or stupid. Consequently the child failed to learn to read or received an inadequate education, so chose to study later in life at an evening class, adult education learning centre or from home with the Open University.
Of course not, all adults that choose to further their education are a result of insufficient learning at an early age; they may wish to extend their learning in order to apply for a particular job, a career change or study for a degree.
Children learn so much through play and in more recent years, the National Curriculum has recognised the importance of this and incorporated it into their strategies as an essential Learning Objective. The three main core subjects of the National Curriculum are Literacy, Numeracy and Science and these are considered essential subjects which have to be taught.
There are state schools which are non-fee schools and are open to any child within a certain catchment area of the school. Public and private schools are fee-paying schools, although some pupils may be eligible by means of a scholarship. There are also Boarding schools where the child will either reside at the school all week and return home for the weekend, or stay at the school during term-times and return home during half-terms and public holidays.
There are also many ‘special schools’ which are for any child with a specific learning need. This may be Down’s syndrome, Autism and Dyspraxia or in fact any mental, physical or emotional need they may have. The support system at these types of school ensures a far greater a ratio of teachers to children is given, and whilst they may follow the National Curriculum in some areas, they will also incorporate some essential social and life skills as well as physiotherapy and other types of therapy.